Convital Equilytes is a rapidly bio-available oral electrolyte paste for horses, containing potassium, magnesium and calcium ions in an amino acid chelate form.
For the speedy replacement of electrolytes in horses.
What are electrolytes?
Electrolytes are minerals dissolved in the bloodstream which are integral to many important processes. The electrolytes contained in Convital Equilytes are Calcium, Potassium and Magnesium which are the most important for a horse undertaking strenuous exercise.
Calcium is critical for transmitting nerve impulses leading to contraction of the muscles.
Potassium is vital for regulation of the heartbeat and muscle function.
Magnesium is required to maintain a steady heartbeat and ensures normal nerve and muscle function.
What happens when a horse works hard?
Prolonged work will induce sweating which results in large quantities of these ions being lost, leading to fatigue, exhaustion and poor performance.
During maximum physical exertion your horse can produce 32 pounds of sweat. Sweat includes both water and the electrolytes essential for smooth, efficient muscle function.
Every muscle used during movement produces heat and releases potassium into the bloodstream. As a result the veins and arteries expand to increase their maximum carrying capacity which helps take heat away from the muscles and deliver more oxygen to the working muscles.
As water is drawn out of the cells to produce sweat, the muscles operate with decreasing efficiency.
The horse becomes weak and exhausted from the lack of potassium. The magnesium lost can result in fatigue and muscle cramps.
Calcium is also excreted in the horse’s sweat and this loss can result in metabolic imbalance known as ‘thumps’. This is where the diaphragm spasmodically contracts, synchronised with the heartbeat.
How can exhaustion be prevented?
To prevent dehydration, exhaustion and metabolic disorders, your horse needs water and electrolytes during and after physical stress and he needs them in the body tissues where they can act to keep his muscles performing at their peak.
Your horse also needs glucose which is the only carbohydrate that is used for energy and is the by-product of fructose metabolism. Glucose is stored in the form of muscle glycogen which is depleted as it is used for fuel by the working muscles.
How do some of the supplements work?
Replacing with electrolyte salts is unpredictable. The salts of potassium, magnesium and calcium, given in food or water, may or may not be absorbed in to the bloodstream for the following reasons:
- Ions require ‘transporting proteins’ to carry them from the intestines to the bloodstream. Competition for these carriers can limit/reduce absorption.
- Concentration of each ion
- Differing solubility of the ions and associated molecules.
The athletic horse needs to have lost electrolytes replaced rapidly and in a predictable manner.
Why is Convital Equilytes different?
Equilytes contains potassium, magnesium and calcium ions concentrated in an amino acid chelate form which makes them highly absorbable and rapidly bioavailable.
As a stable amino acid-electrolyte chelate, equilytes is not ionized in the gut but is absorbed intact through a different pathway. As a result there is no need for the electrolytes to wait for a ‘transporter protein’ to carry them from the gut to the bloodstream. This means that the electrolytes are transported across the gut wall in minutes rather than hours where they become bioavailable immediately.
Have Convital Equilytes been tested?
In order to obtain the clinical data for the use of electrolytes chelated to amino acids a controlled study was made in Colorado under the control of K.A. Larson DVM PhD. This study has shown that ‘test horses’ treated with equilytes maintained significantly higher levels of Ca++ and Mg++ and K+ during the race when compared with untreated controls, demonstrating the rapid uptake and bioavailability of electrolytes provided.